Steps and details of writing a paper
It contains three paragraphs
1- Importance of the topic
2- Survey about the topic you are working with (References divided into groups (Numerical & experimental or Laminar & turbulent .. etc))
3- The goal of research (you can start with (from previous review this point isn’t examined))
1- Start with general description (this increased and the other decreased)
2- Physical meaning & why it happens
3- Relate the figure with the previous figure
From the previous results, we concluded that:- (It contains Intensive results)
It should be a total of about 200 words maximum. The abstract should be a single paragraph and should follow the style of structured abstracts, but without headings:
1) Background: Place the question addressed in a broad context and highlight the purpose of the study;
2) Methods: Describe briefly the main methods or treatments applied. Include any relevant preregistration numbers, and species and strains of any animals used.
3) Results: Summarize the article’s main findings; and
4) Conclusion: Indicate the main conclusions or interpretations.
The abstract should be an objective representation of the article: it must not contain results which are not presented and substantiated in the main text and should not exaggerate the main conclusions.
1- Opening sentence
3- The ways to reach them
4- A very brief summary of the most important results and conclusions
- Don’t procrastinate;
- Review the notes and renew the literature search;
- Determine who your audience is – most likely reviewers, so get their concerns firstly addressed;
- Create the outline and get the big picture done, i.e., complete the first draft while resisting the temptation to correct and edit as you go; the logical sequence of data/tables/figures may be the outline; while writing the first draft, take notes indicating what references might be needed and would be about, but don’t stop to collect the references;
- Begin with the easier part of the task – experimental section rather than the introduction; then follows the results and discussion section;
- Then comes the really hard part – critical editing where you make sure that the English is coherent and the science is correct;
- Write the conclusion in a numbered format;
- Then comes the abstract and the acknowledgements;
- Now comes the introduction, the two most important things to address are the purpose and relevant background;
- Then collect the references.
Some final notes:
- Always check the manuscript requirements for the journal of interests.
- A few references on writing. Please refer to the video.
An Example of an original article at